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The effect of bovine endosteum-derived particles on the proliferation of human mesenchymal stem cells

Paper ID Volume ID Publish Year Pages File Format Full-Text
9515 633 2010 11 PDF Available
Title
The effect of bovine endosteum-derived particles on the proliferation of human mesenchymal stem cells
Abstract

There is a large biomanufacturing and clinical need for cost-effective and simple techniques to expand mesenchymal stem cells whilst retaining their multipotency. Endosteum-derived particles were prepared, characterised and examined as a biomaterial to facilitate the in vitro expansion of human mesenchymal stem cells. Bovine endosteum-derived particles are composed of chondroitin sulphate glycosaminoglycans with 4- and 6-sulphation and N-sulphated heparan sulphate glycosaminoglycans. The particles were positive for perlecan, laminin and fibronectin by immunohistochemistry and α-mannose, α-glucose, terminal N-acetyl-α-d-glucosamine, N-acetyl-α-galactosamine and α-fucose, using lectin binding. Human mesenchymal stem cells showed greater than 96% attachment to the particles after one day in spinner culture. After 7 days, the stem cells on decalcified particles were viable and had a 5-fold higher growth than the stem cells grown on Cytodex-2 beads. Significantly more stem cells were recovered from decalcified particles compared with mineralised particles (P < 0.05). Differentiation to chondrogenic, osteogenic and adipogenic lineages was maintained after culturing stem cells on the demineralised particles. We conclude that bovine endosteum-derived particles can be extracted from bone marrow to retain sulphated proteoglycans and glycosylated proteins. These particles are a suitable biomaterial for supporting the growth and retaining the multipotency of human mesenchymal stem cells.

Keywords
Mesenchymal stem cell; Bioreactor; Glycosaminoglycan; Cell proliferation; Bone marrow; Cell adhesion
First Page Preview
The effect of bovine endosteum-derived particles on the proliferation of human mesenchymal stem cells
Publisher
Database: Elsevier - ScienceDirect
Journal: Biomaterials - Volume 31, Issue 21, July 2010, Pages 5689–5699
Authors
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Subjects
Physical Sciences and Engineering Chemical Engineering Bioengineering