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Viscoelastic adhesive mechanics of aldehyde-mediated soft tissue sealants

Paper ID Volume ID Publish Year Pages File Format Full-Text
9553 636 2008 8 PDF Available
Title
Viscoelastic adhesive mechanics of aldehyde-mediated soft tissue sealants
Abstract

Soft tissue sealants generally sacrifice adhesive strength for biocompatibility, motivating the development of materials which interact with tissue to a predictable and controllable extent. Crosslinked hydrogels comprising aminated star polyethylene glycol and high molecular weight dextran aldehyde polymers (PEG:dextran) display aldehyde-mediated adhesion and readily tunable reactivity with soft tissue ex-vivo. Evaluation of PEG:dextran compositional variants revealed that the burst pressure of repaired intestinal wounds and the extent of material-induced tissue deformation both increase nonlinearly with formulation aldehyde content and are consistently within the desired range established by traditional sealants. Adhesive test elements featuring PEG:dextran and intestinal tissue exhibited considerable viscoelasticity, prompting use of a standard linear solid (SLS) model to describe adhesive mechanics. Model elements were accurately represented as continuous functions of PEG:dextran chemistry, facilitating prediction of adhesive mechanics across the examined range of compositional formulations. SLS models of traditional sealants were also constructed to allow general correlative analyses between viscoelastic adhesive mechanics and metrics of sealant performance. Linear correlation of equilibrium SLS stiffness to sealant-induced tissue deformation indicates that dense adhesive crosslinking restricts tissue expansion, while correlation of instantaneous SLS stiffness to burst pressure suggests that the adhesive stress relaxation capacity of PEG:dextran enhances their overall performance relative to traditional sealants.

Keywords
Adhesion; Adhesion mechanics; Hydrogel; Viscoelasticity
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Viscoelastic adhesive mechanics of aldehyde-mediated soft tissue sealants
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Publisher
Database: Elsevier - ScienceDirect
Journal: Biomaterials - Volume 29, Issue 35, December 2008, Pages 4584–4591
Authors
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Subjects
Physical Sciences and Engineering Chemical Engineering Bioengineering
Get Full-Text Now
Don't Miss Today's Special Offer
Price was $35.95
You save - $31
Price after discount Only $4.95
100% Money Back Guarantee
Full-text PDF Download
Online Support
Any Questions? feel free to contact us