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Structural and functional characterisation of poly(vinyl alcohol) and heparin hydrogels

Paper ID Volume ID Publish Year Pages File Format Full-Text
9561 636 2008 7 PDF Available
Title
Structural and functional characterisation of poly(vinyl alcohol) and heparin hydrogels
Abstract

Synthetic scaffolds show great promise for use in tissue engineering due to their ability to mimic some aspects of the extracellular matrix, however, their use has been hindered by the lack of inherent recognition sites that are required for protein and cell interactions. Heparan sulfate (HS), a glycosaminoglycan polysaccharide present in the basement membrane and on the cell surface, binds growth factors and cytokines and enhances the signalling of these ligands by forming complexes with their receptors. This study focuses on the formation of photopolymerised hydrogels derived from methacrylated macromers of poly(vinyl alcohol) (PVA) and heparin, with the aim of imparting the growth factor activation property of heparin to the synthetic scaffolds. It was shown that the methacrylate group attachment on heparin did not result in the fragmentation of heparin molecules, and that the biological activity of the methacrylated heparin was preserved as determined by tests on its anticoagulation properties and ability to signal fibroblast growth factor-2 (FGF-2). The addition of heparin into the PVA hydrogels resulted in an increase in mass swelling ratio from 5.8 for pure PVA to 6.5 and 6.6 for PVA/heparin co-hydrogels of 19/1 and 17.5/2.5 (w/w) compositions, respectively. It is believed that heparin molecules can be added into a synthetic PVA scaffold without adversely affecting the structural and mechanical stability of the PVA scaffold. The tensile moduli of the co-hydrogels remained close to that of PVA hydrogels (61 kPa), even up to 2.5% heparin composition (PVA/hep 17.5/2.5). Finally, the co-hydrogels were found to retain the growth factor signalling activity of heparin at equilibrium.

Keywords
Heparin; Hydrogel; Photopolymerisation; Polyvinyl alcohol; Growth factors
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Structural and functional characterisation of poly(vinyl alcohol) and heparin hydrogels
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Publisher
Database: Elsevier - ScienceDirect
Journal: Biomaterials - Volume 29, Issue 35, December 2008, Pages 4658–4664
Authors
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Subjects
Physical Sciences and Engineering Chemical Engineering Bioengineering
Get Full-Text Now
Don't Miss Today's Special Offer
Price was $35.95
You save - $31
Price after discount Only $4.95
100% Money Back Guarantee
Full-text PDF Download
Online Support
Any Questions? feel free to contact us