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Antiangiogenic properties of silver nanoparticles

Paper ID Volume ID Publish Year Pages File Format Full-Text
9616 638 2009 10 PDF Available
Title
Antiangiogenic properties of silver nanoparticles
Abstract

Angiogenesis is an important phenomenon involved in normal growth and wound healing processes. An imbalance of the growth factors involved in this process, however, causes the acceleration of several diseases including malignant, ocular, and inflammatory diseases. Inhibiting angiogenesis through interfering in its pathway is a promising methodology to hinder the progression of these diseases. The function and mechanism of silver nanoparticles (Ag-NPs) in angiogenesis have not been elucidated to date. PEDF is suggested to be a potent anti-angiogenic agent. In this study, we postulated that Ag-NPs might have the ability to inhibit angiogenesis, the pivotal step in tumor growth, invasiveness, and metastasis. We have demonstrated that Ag-NPs could also inhibit vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) induced cell proliferation, migration, and capillary-like tube formation of bovine retinal endothelial cells like PEDF. In addition, Ag-NPs effectively inhibited the formation of new blood microvessels induced by VEGF in the mouse Matrigel plug assay. To understand the underlying mechanism of Ag-NPs on the inhibitory effect of angiogenesis, we showed that Ag-NPs could inhibit the activation of PI3K/Akt. Together, our results indicate that Ag-NPs can act as an anti-angiogenic molecule by targeting the activation of PI3K/Akt signaling pathways.

Keywords
Bovine retinal endothelial cell; Vascular endothelial growth factor; Ag-NPs; PEDF; Angiogenesis
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Antiangiogenic properties of silver nanoparticles
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Publisher
Database: Elsevier - ScienceDirect
Journal: Biomaterials - Volume 30, Issue 31, October 2009, Pages 6341–6350
Authors
, , , , , ,
Subjects
Physical Sciences and Engineering Chemical Engineering Bioengineering
Get Full-Text Now
Don't Miss Today's Special Offer
Price was $35.95
You save - $31
Price after discount Only $4.95
100% Money Back Guarantee
Full-text PDF Download
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