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In vivo degradation of three-dimensional silk fibroin scaffolds

Paper ID Volume ID Publish Year Pages File Format Full-Text
9646 640 2008 14 PDF Available
Title
In vivo degradation of three-dimensional silk fibroin scaffolds
Abstract

Three-dimensional porous scaffolds prepared from regenerated silk fibroin using either an all-aqueous process or a process involving an organic solvent, hexafluoroisopropanol (HFIP), have shown promise in cell culture and tissue engineering applications. However, their biocompatibility and in vivo degradation have not been fully established. The present study was conducted to systematically investigate how processing method (aqueous vs. organic solvent) and processing variables (silk fibroin concentration and pore size) affect the short-term (up to 2 months) and long-term (up to 1 year) in vivo behavior of the protein scaffolds in both nude and Lewis rats. The samples were analyzed by histology for scaffold morphological changes and tissue ingrowth, and by real-time RT-PCR and immunohistochemistry for immune responses. Throughout the period of implantation, all scaffolds were well tolerated by the host animals and immune responses to the implants were mild. Most scaffolds prepared from the all-aqueous process degraded to completion between 2 and 6 months, while those prepared from organic solvent (hexafluoroisopropanol (HFIP)) process persisted beyond 1 year. Due to widespread cellular invasion throughout the scaffold, the degradation of aqueous-derived scaffolds appears to be more homogeneous than that of HFIP-derived scaffolds. In general and especially for the HFIP-derived scaffolds, a higher original silk fibroin concentration (e.g. 17%) and smaller pore size (e.g. 100–200 μm) resulted in lower levels of tissue ingrowth and slower degradation. These results demonstrate that the in vivo behavior of the three-dimensional silk fibroin scaffolds is related to the morphological and structural features that resulted from different scaffold preparation processes. The insights gained in this study can serve as a guide for processing scenarios to match desired morphological and structural features and degradation time with tissue-specific applications.

Keywords
Silk; In vivo; Degradation; Scaffolds; Biocompatibility
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In vivo degradation of three-dimensional silk fibroin scaffolds
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Publisher
Database: Elsevier - ScienceDirect
Journal: Biomaterials - Volume 29, Issues 24–25, August–September 2008, Pages 3415–3428
Authors
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Subjects
Physical Sciences and Engineering Chemical Engineering Bioengineering
Get Full-Text Now
Don't Miss Today's Special Offer
Price was $35.95
You save - $31
Price after discount Only $4.95
100% Money Back Guarantee
Full-text PDF Download
Online Support
Any Questions? feel free to contact us