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In vitro evaluation of biodegradation of poly(lactic-co-glycolic acid) sponges

Paper ID Volume ID Publish Year Pages File Format Full-Text
9648 640 2008 6 PDF Available
Title
In vitro evaluation of biodegradation of poly(lactic-co-glycolic acid) sponges
Abstract

Evaluation of the degradability of porous scaffolds is very important for tissue engineering. A protocol in which the condition is close to the in vivo pH environment was established for in vitro evaluation of biodegradable porous scaffolds. Degradation of PLGA sponges in phosphate-buffered solution (PBS) was evaluated with the protocol. The PLGA sponges degraded with incubation time. For the first 12 weeks, the weight loss increased gradually and then remarkably after 12 weeks. In contrast, the number-average molecular weight (Mn) decreased dramatically for the first 12 weeks and then less markedly after 12 weeks. Thermal analysis showed that the glass transition temperatures (Tg) decreased rapidly for the first 12 weeks, and the change became less evident after 12 weeks. These results suggest that the degradation mechanism of PLGA sponges was dominated by autocatalyzed bulk degradation for the first 12 weeks and then by surface degradation after 12 weeks. Physical aging was observed during incubation at 37 °C. The heterogeneous structure caused by physical aging might be one of the driving forces that induced autocatalyzed bulk degradation. The degradation mechanism was further supported by the data of pH change and the morphology of the degraded PLGA sponges. The autocatalyzed acidic products flooded out after 8 weeks, the pH dropped, and the walls of the sponges became more porous. The increase of the pore surface area facilitated surface degradation after 12 weeks. The pH was in the range between 7.43 and 7.24 during the entire incubation time. The protocol suppressed extreme changes of the pH and will be useful in the biodegradation evaluation of porous scaffolds for tissue engineering.

Keywords
Biodegradability; Degradation; Porous scaffolds; PLGA sponge; Tissue engineering
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In vitro evaluation of biodegradation of poly(lactic-co-glycolic acid) sponges
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Publisher
Database: Elsevier - ScienceDirect
Journal: Biomaterials - Volume 29, Issues 24–25, August–September 2008, Pages 3438–3443
Authors
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Subjects
Physical Sciences and Engineering Chemical Engineering Bioengineering
Get Full-Text Now
Don't Miss Today's Special Offer
Price was $35.95
You save - $31
Price after discount Only $4.95
100% Money Back Guarantee
Full-text PDF Download
Online Support
Any Questions? feel free to contact us