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Extrinsic and intrinsic pathways of apoptosis in aseptic loosening after total hip replacement

Paper ID Volume ID Publish Year Pages File Format Full-Text
9649 640 2008 7 PDF Available
Title
Extrinsic and intrinsic pathways of apoptosis in aseptic loosening after total hip replacement
Abstract

Particle-induced osteolysis is a major cause of aseptic loosening after total joint replacement. The purpose of the current study was to identify various apoptosis-related pathways in the cellular response to wear debris. Fas receptor, BAK and caspase-3 cleaved were evaluated immunohistochemically in capsules and interface membranes from patients with aseptic hip implant loosening. Moreover, we investigated local cellular proliferation, documented by the presence of Ki-67, to evaluate the proportion of apoptosis in relation to the proliferation in the different cells. We detected a strong expression of caspase-3 cleaved, Fas and BAK in macrophages, giant cells and T-lymphocytes. The fibroblasts showed caspase-3 cleaved and BAK, but no Fas staining. Demonstrated by Ki-67 staining, we found increased proliferation of macrophages and fibroblasts. Statistical analysis showed a significant positive correlation (p < 0.001) between the above mentioned results and the presence of wear debris. The intensity of apoptosis and proliferation differed, depending on the extent of osteolysis. Overall, four different patterns of immunoreactivity were identified. We think, however, that in particle-induced osteolysis apoptosis is pathologically increased – a phenomenon also seen in other diseases. In these instances, the number and degree of apoptotic reactions are so great that the resulting cell remains cannot be completely removed. This leads to an increased excretion of fibrogenic mediators that could be responsible for increased proliferation of fibroblasts in spite of the increased apoptosis. Moreover, it leads to an increased excretion of cytokines which could be responsible for the activation of osteoclasts.

Keywords
Apoptosis; Hip replacement prosthesis; Immunohistochemistry; Osteolysis; Wear debris
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Extrinsic and intrinsic pathways of apoptosis in aseptic loosening after total hip replacement
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Publisher
Database: Elsevier - ScienceDirect
Journal: Biomaterials - Volume 29, Issues 24–25, August–September 2008, Pages 3444–3450
Authors
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Subjects
Physical Sciences and Engineering Chemical Engineering Bioengineering
Get Full-Text Now
Don't Miss Today's Special Offer
Price was $35.95
You save - $31
Price after discount Only $4.95
100% Money Back Guarantee
Full-text PDF Download
Online Support
Any Questions? feel free to contact us