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Predicting microstructure development during casting of drug-eluting coatings

Paper ID Volume ID Publish Year Pages File Format Full-Text
968 70 2011 10 PDF Available
Title
Predicting microstructure development during casting of drug-eluting coatings
Abstract

We have devised a novel diffuse interface formulation to model the development of chemical and physical inhomogeneities, i.e. microstructure, during the process of casting drug-eluting coatings. These inhomogeneities, which depend on the coating constituents and manufacturing conditions, can have a profound affect on the rate and extent of drug release, and therefore the ability of coated medical devices to function successfully. By deriving the model equations in a time-dependent reference frame, we find that it is computationally viable to probe a wide, physically relevant range of material and process quantities. To illustrate the application of the model, we have evaluated the impact of manufacturing solvent, coating thickness and evaporation rate on microstructure development. Our results suggest that modifying these process conditions can have a strong and nearly discontinuous effect on coating microstructure, and therefore on drug release. Further, we demonstrate that the model can be applied to processes that involve the incremental application of the coating in layers or passes. This new model formulation, which can also be used to predict the kinetics of drug release, provides a tool to elucidate and quantify the relationships between process variables, microstructure and performance. Establishing these relationships can reduce empiricism in materials selection and process design, providing a facile and efficient means to tailor the underlying microstructure and achieve a desired drug-release behavior.

Keywords
Microstructure; Coating; Modeling; Simulation; Diffusion
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Publisher
Database: Elsevier - ScienceDirect
Journal: Acta Biomaterialia - Volume 7, Issue 2, February 2011, Pages 604–613
Authors
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Subjects
Physical Sciences and Engineering Chemical Engineering Bioengineering
Get Full-Text Now
Don't Miss Today's Special Offer
Price was $35.95
You save - $31
Price after discount Only $4.95
100% Money Back Guarantee
Full-text PDF Download
Online Support
Any Questions? feel free to contact us