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An electrochemical fabrication process for the assembly of anisotropically oriented collagen bundles

Paper ID Volume ID Publish Year Pages File Format Full-Text
9772 645 2008 11 PDF Available
Title
An electrochemical fabrication process for the assembly of anisotropically oriented collagen bundles
Abstract

Controlled assembly of collagen molecules in vitro remains a major challenge for fabricating the next generation of engineered tissues. Here we present a novel electrochemical alignment technique to control the assembly of type-I collagen molecules into highly oriented and densely packed elongated bundles at the macroscale. The process involves application of electric currents to collagen solutions which in turn generate a pH gradient. Through an isoelectric focusing process, the molecules migrate and congregate within a plane. It was possible to fabricate collagen bundles with 50–400 μm diameter and several inches length via this process. The current study assessed the orientational order, and the presence of fibrillar assembly in such electrochemically oriented constructs by polarized optical microscopy, small angle X-ray scattering, second harmonic generation, and electron microscopy. The mechanical strength of the aligned crosslinked collagen bundles was 30-fold greater than its randomly oriented-crosslinked counterpart. Aligned crosslinked collagen bundles had about half the strength of the native tendon. Tendon-derived fibroblast cells were able to migrate and populate multiple macroscopic bundles at a rate of 0.5 mm/day. The anisotropic order within biocompatible collagenous constructs was conferred upon the nuclear morphology of cells as well. These results indicate that the electrochemically oriented collagen scaffolds carry baseline characteristics to be considered for tendon/ligament repair.

Keywords
Assembly; Collagen; Electrochemistry; Biomimetic materials; Connective tissues
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An electrochemical fabrication process for the assembly of anisotropically oriented collagen bundles
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Publisher
Database: Elsevier - ScienceDirect
Journal: Biomaterials - Volume 29, Issue 22, August 2008, Pages 3278–3288
Authors
, , , , , , ,
Subjects
Physical Sciences and Engineering Chemical Engineering Bioengineering
Get Full-Text Now
Don't Miss Today's Special Offer
Price was $35.95
You save - $31
Price after discount Only $4.95
100% Money Back Guarantee
Full-text PDF Download
Online Support
Any Questions? feel free to contact us