fulltext.study @t Gmail

Loading rate effects on the R-curve behavior of cortical bone

Paper ID Volume ID Publish Year Pages File Format Full-Text
981 70 2011 9 PDF Available
Title
Loading rate effects on the R-curve behavior of cortical bone
Abstract

Rising resistance curve (R-curve) behavior in bone during quasi-static experiments has demonstrated the importance of microstructural toughening mechanisms in resisting fracture. However, despite clinical bone fracture primarily occurring under dynamic loading and the significant changes in material behavior observed with increasing strain rates, there have been no previous investigations into whether crack growth resistance is maintained during dynamic fracture. Using a novel modified split-Hopkinson pressure bar coupled with a high-speed camera to measure crack propagation, we present the first evidence of rising R-curve behavior in bone under dynamic loading (∼2 × 105 MPa m1/2 s−1). Results indicate that rising R-curve behavior is maintained, although with lower crack initiation toughness and propagation resistance than observed in quasi-static experiments. Observations of crack initiation and propagation in double-notched specimens using confocal fluorescence microscopy and electron microscopy suggest that this is due to subtle differences in toughening mechanisms between quasi-static and dynamic fracture.

Keywords
Dynamic loading; R-curve; Fracture toughness; Equine bone; Viscoelastic
First Page Preview
Loading rate effects on the R-curve behavior of cortical bone
Get Full-Text Now
Don't Miss Today's Special Offer
Price was $35.95
You save - $31
Price after discount Only $4.95
100% Money Back Guarantee
Full-text PDF Download
Online Support
Any Questions? feel free to contact us
Publisher
Database: Elsevier - ScienceDirect
Journal: Acta Biomaterialia - Volume 7, Issue 2, February 2011, Pages 724–732
Authors
, , ,
Subjects
Physical Sciences and Engineering Chemical Engineering Bioengineering
Get Full-Text Now
Don't Miss Today's Special Offer
Price was $35.95
You save - $31
Price after discount Only $4.95
100% Money Back Guarantee
Full-text PDF Download
Online Support
Any Questions? feel free to contact us