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The effect of timing in the administration of hepatocyte growth factor to modulate BMP-2-induced osteoblast differentiation

Paper ID Volume ID Publish Year Pages File Format Full-Text
9822 648 2010 8 PDF Available
Title
The effect of timing in the administration of hepatocyte growth factor to modulate BMP-2-induced osteoblast differentiation
Abstract

Development of bone morphogenetic protein (BMP) signaling modulators may provide useful therapeutic options for the treatment of large bony defects in clinical settings. Controversy remains over whether hepatocyte growth factor (HGF) is a positive or negative modulator of BMP-induced osteogenesis. This study analyzed osteogenic properties of HGF, particularly during BMP-2-induced bone formation. Using a mouse model of ectopic bone formation, HGF-impregnated gelatin sponges displayed significantly reduced bone formation induced by BMP-2, both radiologically and histologically. Abrogation of endogenous HGF production by knockdown of HGF mRNA resulted in upregulation of BMP-2-induced ALP activity for C2C12 myoblasts in vitro. In contrast, addition of exogenous HGF inhibited BMP-2-induced ALP activity and osteocalcin production by mouse embryonic fibroblasts (MEFs) through HGF–c-Met interactions. Inhibition of ALP activity by HGF was rescued by U0126, a MEK1/2 inhibitor, indicating that HGF suppresses the BMP-2-Smad axis via activation of ERK1/2. Importantly, treatment with HGF prior to administration of BMP-2 induced cellular proliferation of MEFs and did not influence subsequent osteoblast differentiation induced by BMP-2. The effects of HGF may differ according to the differentiation stage of mesenchymal stem cells, which would explain the inconsistencies seen in osteogenic properties of HGF in previous reports. The timing of HGF treatment is critical and should be carefully determined for successful induction of bone formation by BMPs.

Keywords
HGF (hepatocyte growth factor); BMP (bone morphogenetic protein); Osteoblast differentiation; Bone formation; Tissue engineering
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The effect of timing in the administration of hepatocyte growth factor to modulate BMP-2-induced osteoblast differentiation
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Publisher
Database: Elsevier - ScienceDirect
Journal: Biomaterials - Volume 31, Issue 6, February 2010, Pages 1191–1198
Authors
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Subjects
Physical Sciences and Engineering Chemical Engineering Bioengineering
Get Full-Text Now
Don't Miss Today's Special Offer
Price was $35.95
You save - $31
Price after discount Only $4.95
100% Money Back Guarantee
Full-text PDF Download
Online Support
Any Questions? feel free to contact us