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The performance of a fly-larva shell-derived chitosan sponge as an absorbable surgical hemostatic agent

Paper ID Volume ID Publish Year Pages File Format Full-Text
9831 648 2010 8 PDF Available
Title
The performance of a fly-larva shell-derived chitosan sponge as an absorbable surgical hemostatic agent
Abstract

Chitosan is a versatile biomaterial lately used as a new generation of local hemostatic agent approved to date for external use only. Here we introduced a fly-larva shell-derived chitosan sponge (CS) and its feasibility for internal use as an absorbable surgical hemostatic agent was evaluated in a rat hepatic hemorrhage model. CS was a better implantable hemostatic material than gelatin sponge (GS) or oxidized cellulose (OC) in both the acute and chronic bleeding models. The better efficacy of CS may be due to its greater ability to enhance platelet activation, erythrocyte aggregation and morphological alteration, and thrombin generation at sites it is applied than GS or OC. Moreover, preliminary safety evaluations have demonstrated excellent blood and cell compatibility in hemorheological measurements, blood coagulation analysis, histological evaluations and hepatocytes culture experiments. None of CS, GS, or OC induced acute inflammation or other adverse effects while normal tissue growth and vascularization were observed in each case 4 weeks after each hemostatic agent had been implanted. Thus, CS has promising properties as an absorbable, implantable agent for promoting perioperative hemostasis and this material warrants further study.

Keywords
Chitosan; Haemostasis; Hepatocyte; Platelet activation; Blood compatibility
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Publisher
Database: Elsevier - ScienceDirect
Journal: Biomaterials - Volume 31, Issue 6, February 2010, Pages 1270–1277
Authors
, , , , , , , , ,
Subjects
Physical Sciences and Engineering Chemical Engineering Bioengineering
Get Full-Text Now
Don't Miss Today's Special Offer
Price was $35.95
You save - $31
Price after discount Only $4.95
100% Money Back Guarantee
Full-text PDF Download
Online Support
Any Questions? feel free to contact us