Investigation of alendronate-doped apatitic cements as a potential technology for the prevention of osteoporotic hip fractures: Critical influence of the drug introduction mode on the in vitro cement properties
Combination of a bisphosphonate (BP) anti-osteoporotic drug, alendronate, with an apatitic calcium phosphate cement does not significantly affect the main properties of the biomaterial, in terms of injectability and setting time, provided that the BP is introduced chemisorbed onto calcium-deficient apatite, one of the components of the cement. In contrast to other modes of introducing the BP into the cement formulation, this mode allows to minimize alendronate release in the cement paste, thus limiting the setting retardant effect of the BP. An original approach based on high frequency impedance measurements is found to be a convenient method for in situ monitoring of the cement setting reaction. The release profile of the drug from a cement block under continuous flow conditions can be well described using a coupled chemistry/transport model, under simulated in vivo conditions. The results show that the released alendronate concentration is expected to be much lower than the cytotoxic concentration.
Journal: Acta Biomaterialia - Volume 7, Issue 2, February 2011, Pages 759–770