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Controlled release from multilayer silk biomaterial coatings to modulate vascular cell responses

Paper ID Volume ID Publish Year Pages File Format Full-Text
9964 655 2008 10 PDF Available
Title
Controlled release from multilayer silk biomaterial coatings to modulate vascular cell responses
Abstract

A multilayered silk fibroin protein coating system was employed as a drug carrier and delivery system to evaluate vascular cell responses to heparin, paclitaxel, and clopidogrel. The results demonstrated that the silk coating system was an effective system for drug-eluting coatings, such as for stent applications, based on its useful micromechanical properties and biological outcomes. Cell attachment and viability studies with human aortic endothelial cells (HAECs) and human coronary artery smooth muscle cells (HCASMCs) on the drug-incorporated silk coatings demonstrated that paclitaxel and clopidogrel inhibited smooth muscle cell (SMC) proliferation and retarded endothelial cell proliferation. Heparin-loaded silk multilayers promoted HAEC proliferation while inhibiting HCASMC proliferation, desired outcomes for the prevention of restenosis. The preservation of the phenotype of endothelial cells on silk and heparin-loaded silk coatings was confirmed with the presence of endothelial markers CD-31, CD-146, vWF and VE-Cadherin using immunocytochemistry assays. A preliminary in-vivo study in a porcine aorta showed integrity of the silk coatings after implantation and the reduction of platelet adhesion on the heparin-loaded silk coatings.

Keywords
Silk; Fibroin; Stent; Heparin; Paclitaxel; Clopidogrel
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Controlled release from multilayer silk biomaterial coatings to modulate vascular cell responses
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Publisher
Database: Elsevier - ScienceDirect
Journal: Biomaterials - Volume 29, Issue 7, March 2008, Pages 894–903
Authors
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Subjects
Physical Sciences and Engineering Chemical Engineering Bioengineering
Get Full-Text Now
Don't Miss Today's Special Offer
Price was $35.95
You save - $31
Price after discount Only $4.95
100% Money Back Guarantee
Full-text PDF Download
Online Support
Any Questions? feel free to contact us