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The effect of sustained delivery of vascular endothelial growth factor on angiogenesis in tissue-engineered intestine

Paper ID Volume ID Publish Year Pages File Format Full-Text
9977 656 2008 7 PDF Available
Title
The effect of sustained delivery of vascular endothelial growth factor on angiogenesis in tissue-engineered intestine
Abstract

Our group has previously created a functional neointestine that is capable of restoring absorptive function. However, the endogenous level of vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) is markedly reduced in the construct compared to native bowel. Therefore, we wanted to locally deliver VEGF in a sustained fashion to upregulate angiogenesis in the neointestine. Rat recombinant VEGF was encapsulated in poly(lactide-co-glycolide) microspheres by a double emulsion method. Release kinetics and bioactivity were determined in vitro. Tissue-engineered intestine was generated by seeding donor neonatal rat intestinal organoid units onto a biodegradable polyglycolic acid scaffold along with VEGF-containing or empty microspheres, and wrapped in the omentum of recipient rats. After 4 weeks, the neointestinal cysts were analyzed for morphometry, VEGF levels, epithelial proliferation, and capillary density. Sustained release of biologically active VEGF was confirmed by in vitro studies. Intestinal constructs with VEGF microspheres were significantly larger than those containing empty microspheres. Tissue VEGF levels were significantly higher in neointestine loaded with encapsulated VEGF compared to those without growth factor. Epithelial cellular proliferation and capillary density were significantly increased in the VEGF-containing neointestinal constructs compared to empty constructs. Tissue-engineered intestine responds to sustained delivery of VEGF by upregulating microvasculature and epithelial proliferation.

Keywords
Small intestine; VEGF; Angiogenesis; Microspheres; PLGA
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The effect of sustained delivery of vascular endothelial growth factor on angiogenesis in tissue-engineered intestine
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Publisher
Database: Elsevier - ScienceDirect
Journal: Biomaterials - Volume 29, Issue 19, July 2008, Pages 2884–2890
Authors
, , , , , , , ,
Subjects
Physical Sciences and Engineering Chemical Engineering Bioengineering
Get Full-Text Now
Don't Miss Today's Special Offer
Price was $35.95
You save - $31
Price after discount Only $4.95
100% Money Back Guarantee
Full-text PDF Download
Online Support
Any Questions? feel free to contact us